The uncontrolled, uncoordinated growth of the cells in the body can lead to the formation of cancers. The cells involved in the formation of cancers are known as cancerous cells. In recent years the incidence of cancers has risen day by day. Many factors such as lifestyle, pollution, eating habits, sleep cycle, stress, and hormones play a pivotal role in the formation of cancers in the body.
The cancerous condition is defined as the state of a particular part where the incidence of cancer development is high as compared to other normal counterparts of the body. It is divided into two types.
- Benign tumours
- Malignant tumours
What is a benign tumour?
A tumour formed by the cancerous cells having limited growth is known as a benign tumour. It has slow growth and stagnant borders that cannot spread beyond a certain specified limit.
The aetiology of the benign tumours is given below for the reference of the patient. They are as follows:
- Genetic or familial causes are one of the most common causes.
- Exposure to chemicals
- Radiations such as UV rays.
The early signs and symptoms can help the doctors identify the case and to design the treatment procedures. The most apparent symptoms of a benign tumour are as follows:
- Breathlessness or problems in the breathing mechanism
- Pain in the affected area
- The discomfort experienced by the patent
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Seizures in specific cases
- Blurred vision
You should contact a doctor or a health professional immediately in case of early symptoms. Below some of the appearance-related symptoms are mentioned that one should not ignore. It is as follows:
- A smooth or rough protuberance on the skin
- Round tumour with smooth and elevated edges
- Raised areas. It may feel like a bump.
- Firm or soft in nature upon pressing.
- Discolouration of the skin. Most of the time, red or brown discoloration is noticed.
There are many great doctors and health professionals in India that can provide quality treatment to the patients. Dr Kanury Rao is one such example popular in the world for providing excellent services to patients for more than 20 years now.
One should rush to the doctor and get checked immediately if they experience any of the signs or symptoms mentioned above. Upon checking and depending upon the location of the tumour, your doctor may advise some tests for a confirmed diagnosis. Some of the tests are as follows:
- X-ray: It is mostly conducted for the tumours of the bones.
- Mammogram: Breast cancer has been one of the most cancer attacking females for many years now, so a mammogram is usually conducted to check the presence of various conditions present in breast tissue.
- Imaging tests: Various tests such as CT scan, MRI or ultrasound imaging are conducted to check the confirmed diagnosis of the tumour.
- Biopsy: In this, a healthcare professional will remove or excise the particular piece of tissue to confirm the diagnosis.
The most common treatment approach includes chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery. In some cases, the combination is also performed for the betterment of the patient.
In many cases, such as lipoma, fibroma or hemangioma, surgery is not required. So the complete treatment approach depends upon the doctors and your neoplasm. So if you experience any of the conditions, then contact skilled professionals like Dr Kanury Rao for a good quality of life.
What is a malignant tumour?
The tumours arising in the human body due to excessive and uncontrolled proliferation of the cancerous cells are known as malignant tumours. They have fast growth and may spread to other body parts such as lungs, heart, etc., which makes it a life-threatening disease.
Various types of malignant tumours are as follows:
- Carcinoma: The tumours arising from epithelial cells present in the skin and dermis are known as carcinomas. This type of cancer is found in the pancreas, colon, breast, liver, lung and prostate.
- Sarcoma: It is found in the connective tissues such as nerves, cartilage and bones.
- Germ cell tumour: The tumours arising from these cells are present at the time of birth and can be fatal if not treated properly. The most common organs where germ cell tumours attack are ovaries, testicles and chest.
The most common causes of malignant tumours are as follows:
- Certain specific environmental factors
Most malignant cancers are aggressive in nature, so special care of the patient must be taken as it is fatal in nature. Generally, a patient can be saved if the cancer is detected at early stages as compared to the last ones. If you observe the presence of any lump, protuberance or anything related to it, talk to a health professional immediately for better treatment procedures. There are amazing doctors in India, such as Dr Kanury Rao, that can help you in the process of battling cancer.